Toolkit: Literacy, Math and Science Skills Development

Supporting your Child’s Literacy Development

  • Sing songs with your child to develop vocabulary, sequencing, and phonemic awareness
    • Examples: “Itsy Bitsy Spider” and “Three Little Monkeys Teasing Mr. Alligator”
  • Read to your child regularly. Find books that match your child’s developmental level and interests.
  • At the store, point out familiar letters and food labels to your child. Help your child develop an understanding of similarities and differences.
  • Provide opportunities for your child to explore paint, crayons, and sensory materials such as shaving cream to promote pre-handwriting skills
  • Use pictures to help your child build communication capacities and to develop an understanding that pictures and words have meaning.
    • Example: Place pictures of your child’s favorite foods on the refrigerator to show what is available. This makes it easier for your child to make a request.

Supporting your Child’s Math and Science Skills

  • Point out numbers and count items in the environment.
    • Example: Count the number of socks you find as you put the laundry away.
    • Your child will develop a concrete understanding of numbers before he or she learns that a numeral represents a quantity.
  • Encourage your child to sort and classify objects in a natural context.
    • Example: Have your child help you sort the laundry (by color, type of clothing, or who the clothing belongs to).
    • Your child will first learn to sort by color, shape, and size. This promotes classifying, discrimination, and sorting skills necessary for higher level math.
  • Ask your child open-ended questions (questions with more than one right answer) that promote independent thinking and problem-solving capacities.
    • What does it look like to you?
    • How is this different?
    • Describe what you see.
  • Encourage your child to use various tools with supervision, such as scissors, crayons, markers, or scoopers.
  • Help your child discover patterns in the environment. Songs and fingerplays help introduce your child to rhythm and patterns.
  • Provide a variety of real-world experiences, such as visiting the zoo, playing at the playground, cooking, or planting seeds.

Related Articles:
Toolkit: Developing Your Child’s Pre-Writing Skills

Enhancing Problem Solving in Children

Toolkit: Developing a Child’s Attention – Reading